patterns and meanings of the korean martial art of taekwondo
The meaning of Taekwondo:
This means the way of the hand and foot.
pattern 1: Chon Ji, 19 moves, 10th Gup
Heaven and earth.
pattern 2: Dan Gun, 21 moves, 9th Gup
Dan Gun is named after the holy Dan Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 .B.C.
pattern 3: Do-San, 24 moves, 8th Gup
Do-San is a pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering education in Korea and the Korean independence movement.
pattern 4: Won-Hyo, 28 moves, 7th Gup
Won-Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the silla dynasty in the year 686 .A.D.
pattern 5: Yul-Gok, 38 moves, 6th Gup
Yul-Gok is a pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yil (1536-1584) nicknamed the “Confucius of Korea”. the 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38 degree latitude and the diagram represents scholar.
pattern 6: Joon-Gun, 32 moves, 5th Gup
Joon-Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joon-Gun who assassinated Hiro Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-japan merger. there are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr Ahns age when he was executed at the lui-shung prison in 1910.
pattern 7: Toi-Gye, 37 moves, 4th Gup
Toi-Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century) an authority on neo-Confucianism. the 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 degree latitude, the diagram represents “scholar”.
pattern 8: Hwa-Rang, 29 moves, 3rd Gup
Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the silla dynasty in the early 7th century. the 29 movements refer to the 29th infantry division, where Tae Kwon Do developed into maturity.
pattern 9: Choong-Moo, 30 moves, 2nd Gup
Choong-Moo was the name given to the great admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi dynasty. he was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship the kobukson in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. this pattern ends with a left hand attack, to symbolize his regrettable death. he was noted for his unrestrained loyalty to the king.
pattern 10: Kwang-Gae, 39 moves, first degree black belt
Kwang-Gae is named after the famous Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang. the 19th king of the koguryo dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. the diagram represents the expansion and recovery of the lost territory. the 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 .A.D., the year he came to the throne.
pattern 11: Po-Eun, 36 moves, second degree black belt
Po-Eun is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong-Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and who’s poem “I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times” is known to every Korean. he was also a pioneer in the field of physics. the diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the koryo dynasty.
pattern 12: Ge-Baek, 44 moves, third degree black belt
Ge-Baek is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek-Je dynasty (660 .A.D.). the diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline.
pattern 13: Yoo-Sin, 68 moves, fourth degree black belt
Yoo-Sin is named after general Kin Yoo-Sin, a commanding general during the silla dynasty. the 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 .A.D. the year Korea was unified. the ready posture signifies a sword drawn to the right rather than the left side, symbolizing Yoo Sins mistake of following the kings orders to fight with foreign force against his own nation.